What Is SQL Server?

SQL Server is one of the most popular database management tools in use today.

Millions of IT professionals all across the world rely on it every single day. If you want to learn about SQL Server, then this guide is for you!

What Is SQL Server

What Is SQL Server?

SQL Server is a relational database management system from Microsoft. It supports many types of databases including relational databases, XML databases, NoSQL databases, and more.

SQL Server includes a number of tools to help developers create reports, queries, and other types of data analysis. Additionally, there are several ways to run SQL Server on your local computer or in the cloud.

SQL Server is a large collection of tools that includes the following products: SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS), SQL Server Agent, SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS), SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS), SQL Server Analysis Services (SAS), and SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).

These are used by IT professionals to manage databases, create reports, integrate data, automate processes, and perform other tasks.

History Of SQL Server

SQL Server was originally written for Unix systems and minicomputer platforms. Sybase, later acquired by SAP, started developing this database in the 1980s. It was then modified for use on PC operating systems.

This database was used for many years on DOS and Windows. Then Microsoft bought out Sybase and changed the name to SQL Server. After that, SQL Server was redesigned for use on Windows.

Microsoft released its first version of SQL Server in 1990 as part of Windows NT 3.1. The original name for this product was “Sybase/Windows”. In 2000, Microsoft purchased Sybase and renamed the product SQL Server.

The SQL Server Database Engine is the core component of SQL Server. It provides an interface between users and physical storage devices such as hard disk drives and optical discs.

The Database Engine also manages transactions, locks, recovery, backups, and much more.

SQL Server Components

The database engine is responsible for processing queries and managing data. It consists of a relational engine and a storage engine.

The relational engine provides query services while the storage engine manages the physical structure of the database.

Objects such as stored procedures, tables, indexes, views, and triggers, are also created and managed by the database engine.

The relational engine contains the component that determines the best way to execute queries. It requests information from the storage engine based upon the input query.

The relational engine then processes the results and manages the memory allocation.
The storage engine is the component that is responsible for storing and retrieving data from storage devices.

SQLOS provides many operating systems services such as memory and IO management, Exception handling, and synchronization services.

SQL Server Database Engine Features

SQL Server Database Engine has many features that make it useful for both small-scale and enterprise applications. Some of these features include:

Transactional Replication – A feature that allows you to automatically replicate changes made to one database into another.
Replicated Logging – A feature that keeps track of what happened during a transaction so that if something goes wrong, the logs can be reviewed later.
Full-Text Searching – A feature that makes searching through text documents easier than ever before.
Replication – A feature that enables multiple servers to work together to provide high availability and disaster recovery.
Reporting Services – A feature that helps you build custom reports and dashboards based on data stored in your database.
Integration Services – A feature that lets you easily connect to external systems like Excel, Word, and Outlook.
Analysis Services – A feature that enables you to analyze data and generate reports based on the results.
Data Mining – A feature that enables users to explore their data without having any programming skills.

How Does SQL Server Work?

How Does SQL Server Work

The SQL Server is a relational database management system. It stores information in the form of tables.

Tables contain columns and rows. Columns represent attributes or fields of the records, while rows correspond to individual records. Each record contains values associated with the corresponding column.

The SQL Server is used by businesses to store and retrieve large amounts of data. It provides a set of tools for managing databases.

These include query languages such as SQL and T-SQL (Transact-SQL). A database administrator uses these tools to perform tasks such as creating, maintaining, and querying databases.

What Is SQL Server Used For?

SQL Server is used by businesses of all sizes to help them run their operations efficiently. Here are some examples of how companies use SQL Server:

Businesses use SQL Server to store customer records, inventory levels, employee information, financial data, and much more. They may even use SQL Server to store their company’s mission statement or vision.

Companies use SQL Server to create reports about sales, profits, expenses, etc. They may also use it to generate invoices, send out emails, and keep track of orders.

They may use SQL Server to integrate data from different sources into a single system. For example, they may use it to combine sales data from their CRM software with data from their ERP software.

Companies often use SQL Server to manage their databases and ensure that they stay up-to-date. This includes backing up the data, restoring databases when necessary, and performing routine maintenance tasks.

SQL Server is used to perform complex queries against large amounts of data. These queries can range from simple searches to complex calculations.

Businesses use SQL Server to develop new products and services. They may use it to design websites, write code, and test their ideas.

Companies use SQL for other purposes too. For instance, they may use it for testing, prototyping, and developing websites.

What Security Features Are In SQL Server?

Always Encrypted technology allows users to update encrypted data without needing to decrypt it first. Row-level security enables data access control to be controlled at the table level.

Dynamic data masking protects sensitive data by hiding it from users who do not have full access privileges. Transparent data encryption encrypts data files in database tables.

Fine-grained auditing tracks database usage for reporting on compliance.

Most of those tools and the others in Microsoft SQL Server are supported by Azure SQL Database.

Users can run SQL Server directly in Windows server VMs running on Azure. This allows you to migrate or extend your existing SQL Server application to the cloud. For new cloud-based applications, Azure SQL Database is used.

With Azure SQL Data Warehouse, you can create a scalable, high-performance data warehouse using SQL Server 2016 or later versions.

You can use this technology to store large amounts of structured and unstructured data. Microsoft provides an easy-to-use interface to manage your data warehouse.


SQL Server is a powerful tool that many organizations rely upon to power their business operations.

It has become one of the most popular choices for building modern applications. Hopefully, this article has helped you to learn a little about it!

Albert Niall
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